FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The bodies of the dead, including that of Ḥusayn, were then mutilated, only adding to the consternation of later generations of the Shiʿah. Should all these practices come to an end, all Muslims would be equal in mourning and commemorating the Battle of Karbala,” Khalifa said. The latter did so, summoning the chiefs of the tribes, making them responsible for the conduct of their people, and threatening reprisal. i have found a site with all the backrounds and events of karabala as well as the events leading up to ashura if anybody wants to read about it. Corrections? In addition to Karbala, the NPR podcast Throughline identified three key milestones that would sharpen Sunni-Shia divisions by the end of the 20th century.
Shiʿi Muslims across the world observe the 10th of Muḥarram as a day of public mourning; some perform dramas (called taʿziyyah in Arabic), similar to Christian passion plays, which commemorate the events at Karbala. Free e-mail watchdog. But starting in the late 20th century, the schism deepened, exploding into violence in many parts of the Middle East as extreme brands of Sunni and Shia Islam battle for both religous and political supremacy. Updates? Sunni view on the Battle of Karbala? The Massacre of Karbala: A Historical Analysis from the Sunni tradition. The Battle of Karbala happened on Muharram 10, in the year 61 AH as per the Islamic calendar (October 10, 680 AD) in Karbala, known as Iraq today.. The women who had accompanied Ḥusayn, including at least one of his wives, his sister Zaynab, and his surviving children, were taken first to Kūfah and then across the desert to Yazīd in Damascus. Though the two main sects within Islam, Sunni and Shia, agree on most of the fundamental beliefs and practices of Islam, a bitter split between the two goes back some 14 centuries. Regulated by IMPRESS: Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! As a minority in the Islamic community, the Shiʿah faced much persecution and, according to Shiʿi doctrine, offered up many martyrs over…, …killed by Umayyad forces at Karbala, now also in Iraq, in October 680.…. Yazīd I succeeded his father, Muʿāwiyah I, to the caliphate in the spring of 680. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Today, about 85 percent of the approximately 1.6 billion Muslims around the world are Sunni, while 15 percent are Shia, according to an estimate by the Council on Foreign Relations. The Battle of Karbala. “Neither of them are representative of the vast majority of Sunni Muslims or the vast majority of Shia Muslims around the world,” says Hazleton of the fundamentalist regimes governing both Saudi Arabia and Iran. London, EC4V 6AG 1. A massive Sunni army waited for them, and by the end of a 10-day standoff with various smaller struggles, Hussein was killed and decapitated, and his head brought to Damascus as a tribute to the Sunni caliph. American theologian Shaykh Yasir Qadhi delivers a lecture presenting a Sunni version of the Karbala events. American theologian Shaykh Yasir Qadhi delivers a lecture presenting a Sunni version of the Karbala events. How will the U.S. Election impact Muslims? There should be no hatred or violence between Sunni and Shia, just academic discussion. First came the rise of the Safavid dynasty in the 16th century, which transformed Iran (through force) from a Sunni center into the Shia stronghold of the Middle East. In the early 20th century, the victorious Allies divided the territory held by the former Ottoman Empire after World War I, cutting through centuries-old religious and ethnic communities in the process. What you should be asking is what is the Sunni view regarding Imam Hussain and Yazid.
There should be no hatred or violence between Sunni and Shia, just academic […] However, events were not black and white. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. The roots of the Sunni-Shia divide can be traced all the way back to the seventh century, soon after the death of the prophet Muhammad in A.D. 632. 2.
Abu Bakr, later leader of the Islamic community, is seen bending over him. for the Press CIC We believe in the martyrdom of al-Hussain bin Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) in Karbala.
“But of course it's not what happened.” Instead, Hussein’s martyrdom at Karbala became the central story of Shia tradition, and is commemorated yearly as Ashoura, the most solemn date on the Shia calendar. Eventually the Sunni majority (named for sunna, or tradition) won out, and chose Muhammad’s close friend Abu Bakr to become the first caliph, or leader, of the Islamic community. This combination of money and power would only grow. E email@example.com The split between the two main sects within Islam goes back some 1,400 years. Help us tell stories the mainstream ignores. “It was obviously intended by the Ummayads to put the definitive end to all claims to leadership of the ummah as a matter of direct descendence from Muhammad,” says Hazleton of Hussein’s death, and the death of all the surviving members of Muhammad’s family, at Karbala. If you follow 5Pillars, and you understand its importance in today’s climate, then please support us for as little as £5 a month, it only takes a minute to make a donation. Subscribe to our mailing list and we'll send you updates, Shaykh Yasir Qadhi: A Sunni perspective on Karbala, Two seriously hurt after London mosque attack, How will the U.S. Election impact Muslims? The battle helped secure the position of the Umayyad dynasty, but it is commemorated annually in a holy day of public mourning by Shii Muslims. IMPRESS, 16-18 New Bridge Street, The Battle of Karbala is observed by the remembrance of Martyrs of Karbala each Muharram by each Muslim, coming from all across the world on its tenth day, known as the Day of Ashura. Dr Qadhi makes the following points: 1. salaam, actually your question is wrong. https://www.britannica.com/event/Battle-of-Karbala.
“When society breaks down, you fall back on old forms of identity, and Shia and Sunni are 1,400-year-old forms of identity.”. W impress.press. The battle helped secure the position of the Umayyad dynasty, but among Shiʿi Muslims (followers of Ḥusayn) the 10th of Muḥarram (or ʿĀshūrāʾ) became an annual holy day of public mourning. Within the century after Muhammad’s death, his followers had built an empire that stretched from Central Asia to Spain. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. In the city of Kūfah (in modern-day Iraq), those who maintained that the leadership of the Muslim community (ummah) rightly belonged to Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib and his descendants invited Ḥusayn to take refuge with them, promising to have him proclaimed caliph there. A common thread in most of these conflicts is the ongoing battle between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shia Iran for influence in the oil-rich Middle East and surrounding regions. The Independent Monitor Answer this question. Re: Karbala story, the sunni version? Originally posted by pearl44uk View Post Asalaamolaykum, thank you for that link that was really good. The Shiʿah maintain that she was buried in Damascus, and her supposed tomb is an important site of pilgrimage for the Shiʿah. Hagia Sophia revisited: Did Muslims do the right thing? Ali eventually became the fourth caliph (or Imam, as Shiites call their leaders), but only after the two that preceded him had both been assassinated. ... A common thread in most of these conflicts is the ongoing battle between Sunni Saudi Arabia and Shia Iran for influence in …
He and almost all his family and followers were killed. Author of, …family and followers at the Battle of Karbalāʾ by the troops of the Ummayad caliph, Yazīd, during al-Ḥusayn’s failed attempt to restore his family line to political power. While most of Muhammad’s followers thought that the other elite members of the Islamic community should choose his successor, a smaller group believed only someone from Muhammad’s family—namely his cousin and son-in-law, Ali—should succeed him. ʿUmar, ʿUbayd Allāh, and Yazīd came to be regarded by ʿAlī’s supporters as murderers, and their names have since been reviled by the Shiʿah. Sunnis love Imam Hussain and the family of the Prophet (saw) whom they consider the best of families. 3. Battle of Karbala, brief military engagement in which a small party led by the grandson of Muhammad, al-Husayn ibn Ali, was defeated and massacred by an Umayyad army. 5. However, on his arrival at Karbala, west of the Euphrates River, on October 10, he was confronted by a large army of perhaps 4,000 men sent by ʿUbayd Allāh and under the command of ʿUmar ibn Saʿd, son of the founder of Kūfah. Finally, in 1979, the Islamic Revolution in Iran produced a radical brand of Shia Islam that would clash violently with Sunni conservatives in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere in the decades to follow. Ḥusayn, whose retinue mustered perhaps 72 fighting men, nevertheless gave battle, vainly relying on the promised aid from Kūfah. “This was important, because by the time he died, he had basically brought all the tribes of Arabia together into a kind of confederation that became the ummah—the people or nation of Islam.”. “The essence of the problem is that Muhammad died without a male heir, and he never clearly stated who he would want to be his successor,” says Lesley Hazleton, author of After the Prophet: The Epic Story of the Sunni-Shia Split in Islam. The events of Karbala are an historical matter, not a theological matter. All Rights Reserved. Ali, himself, was killed in 661, as the bitter power struggle between Sunni and Shia continued. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Despite their differences, Sunni and Shia have lived alongside each other in relative peace for most of history. There are two key aspects at the center of the disputes between the Sunnis and Shiites, and the Battle of Karbala is not involved in either. At stake was not only control of Muhammad’s religious and political legacy, but also a great deal of money, in the form of taxes and tributes paid by the various tribes united under the banner of Islam. Imam Hassan had more claim to the khilafa than Muawiya, although Imam Hassan saved the blood of the Ummah by standing down. 7. In 681, Ali’s son Hussein led a group of 72 followers and family members from Mecca to Karbala (present-day Iraq) to confront the corrupt caliph Yazid of the Ummayad dynasty. The tomb of Ḥusayn at Karbala is a very holy site for the Shiʿah. 4. You are asking about the deatils of the vents of Karbala. Karbala, Umayyad section of Mesopotamia Cause of death Beheaded at the Battle of Karbala Resting place His shrine at Karbala, Karbala Governorate, Iraq 32°36′59″N 44°1′56.29″E Residence Medinah, Hejaz Known for being a grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, the Battle of Karbala… By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Tweet. Shiʿi tradition has it that Zaynab, among others, in Kūfah formally rebuked ʿUbayd Allāh and in Damascus challenged Yazīd and rejected his claim to the caliphate.
The death of the prophet Muhammad depicted in a 16th-century Turkish miniature. Battle of Karbala, (October 10, 680 [10th of Muḥarram, ah 61]), brief military engagement in which a small party led by al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī, grandson of the Prophet Muhammad and son of ʿAlī, the fourth caliph, was defeated and massacred by an army sent by the Umayyad caliph Yazīd I. Ḥusayn nevertheless set out from Mecca with his family and retainers expecting to be received with enthusiasm by the citizens of Kūfah. When Yazīd learned of the rebellious attitude of the Shiʿah in Kūfah, he sent ʿUbayd Allāh, governor of Basra, to restore order. Answer #1 | 19/07 2014 10:11 Same. We should not cast aspertions on the character of Muawiya because he was a sahabi and perhaps his political decisions did in fact save Muslim blood.
Archiv Gerstenberg/ullstein bild/Getty Images. 8. |The Big Picture #7, VIDEO: Black Muslim Renaissance – The Black Muslim Festival 2020, The Big Picture #4: U.S. elections, Azerbaijan-Armenia war and France’s Islamophobia.